What is the CLAT Exam?

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national-level entrance test for admission to undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) law studies at India's 24 National Law Universities.

CLAT is conducted by the Consortium of National Law Universities, which includes the representative universities. Several affiliated institutions and companies utilize the CLAT test for admissions and recruitment

All admissions to the 5-year integrated Ll.B. and Ll.M. programs beginning in the Academic Year 2024-2025 shall be through the CLAT 2025. The dates have not been finalized and are tentative.

Test Highlights

Details

Full Form

CLAT (Common Law Admission Test)

Test Conducting Body

The Consortium of National Law Universities

Test Level

UG and PG

Test Frequency

Once a year

Test Mode

Offline

Test Duration

120 Minutes

Test Language

English

Test Purpose

Admissions to BA LLB, BCom LLB, BSc LLB, BBA LLB, BSW LLB, LLM courses

CLAT 2025: Important Dates

Based on the previous year's revised deadlines for the exam announced by the consortium, here are the important dates the candidate should keep a note of.

Event

Dates (Tentative) 

Release of admission notification

From July 2024

Start of online application form

From July 2024

Last date to submit the application form

The first week of November 2024

Release of admit card

November-end 2024

Exam date

The first week of December 2024

Release of final answer key

The first week of December 2024

Declaration of results

The second week of December 2024

Commencement of counseling

January 2025

Please note that these dates are based on the previous year's revised deadlines for the exam and are subject to change.

Download Free CLAT Preparation PDF

CLAT 2025: Exam Pattern

Each section has a different weightage and number of questions. The weightage and number of questions for each section are highlighted in the table below.

Every question carries 1 mark, and 0.25 points will be deducted for every wrong answer.

Subject/Section

Number of questions (weightage) 

English Language

22-26 (20% of the paper)

Quantitative Techniques

10-14 (10% of the paper)

Logical Reasoning

22-26 (20% of the paper)

Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

28-32 (25% of the paper)

Legal Reasoning

28-32 (25% of the paper)

Total Questions 

120 questions of one mark each

Total Marks

120

Total Time (min)

120

Negative Marking

0.25 marks for each wrong answer

Want more information about the exam pattern? Read our detailed page on the CLAT exam pattern.

CLAT 2025: Eligibility Criteria

Educational Qualification

Any applicant who has passed the 10+2 or an equivalent examination can apply for the 2025 exam. The minimum marks required for different categories are listed below:

  • 45% marks for General/ Other Backward Class (OBC)/ Specially abled person categories
  • 40% marks for Scheduled Class (SC)/ Scheduled Tribe (ST) categories

Note: Candidates who will pass the Class 12th examination in March/ April 2025 are also eligible for the test. Upon admission, these candidates must provide proof that they passed their Class 12th exam. Candidates who fail to fulfill this will be rejected and lose their right to admission.

Age Limit

CLAT doesn’t have an age limit. As long as you meet the eligibility you can give the exam.

To read in detail about eligibility, check out CLAT's detailed exam eligibility criteria.

CLAT 2025: Application Process

The CLAT 2025 exam application process will likely begin in July 2024.

Candidates seeking admission to undergraduate law courses offered by the participating NLUs can fill out the application form for the exam on the official Consortium website.

The steps to apply are as follows:

  • Candidates must first register on the CLAT 2025 website using their personal mobile number and email address.

  • An OTP will be given to the registered mobile number for validation after registration.
     
  • Once the mobile number has been verified, applicants can log in with the registered mobile number and the password they gave during registration.

  • Once logged in you can fill out the form, pay the fees, and upload the relevant documents.

Note: Once an application has been submitted and paid for, the candidate will be unable to modify the program, category, or BPL field. Any change/alteration found in the name entered may disqualify the candidature.

Documents Required for Registration

Given below is a list of documents that a student will need while applying for the CLAT exam.

Document

Format

Photograph

jpeg/png

Signature

jpeg/png

Category Certificate for SC/ST/OBC candidates

PDF

Relevant Certificate for P.W.D. candidates

PDF

Relevant Certificate for BPL candidates

PDF

Application Fees

Category

Amount

General/ OBC/PWD/NRI/PIO//OCI

INR 4000

ST, SC, EWS

INR 3500

CLAT 2025: Syllabus

The test is conducted in offline mode where the paper has 120 questions from five different sections. Below is a summary of the scope. The full syllabus in detail can be found on the CLAT exam syllabus page.

CLAT Exam: English language

The English Language section of the exam comprises multiple passages, each approximately 450 words in length. These passages will be sourced from contemporary or historically significant works of both fiction and non-fiction. They will be of a standard that a 12th-grade student can comfortably read within 5-7 minutes.

Following each passage, a series of questions will measure your understanding and linguistic skills. These questions are designed to measure your abilities to:

  • Grasp the main ideas, arguments, and viewpoints presented in the passage.
  • Make logical inferences and draw conclusions based on the content.
  • Summarize the key points of the passage.
  • Analyze and compare different arguments or viewpoints expressed.
  • Discern the meanings of various words and phrases within the passage's context.

CLAT Exam: Current Affairs including General Knowledge

The General Knowledge and Current Affairs section of the exam will include comprehension-type passage-based questions from Static general knowledge and current affairs, each with a maximum length of 450 words. The General Knowledge part will include questions about current events in India and throughout the world, including arts and culture, international affairs, and historical events and their relevance.

Following each passage, a series of questions will assess your understanding of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, which may include:

  • Significant current events in India and throughout the world. 
  • Topics related to arts and culture. 
  • International developments.
  •  Historical events of enduring significance.

CLAT Exam: Legal Reasoning

The Legal reasoning portion of the exam will have 450-word comprehension-type sections. Following the comprehension readings will be objective-type questions. This section will assess candidates' abilities in identifying and inferring the rules and principles given in the passage, applying the rules and principles to various factual situations, and comprehending how modifications to rules or principles may affect their application to different factual situations.

Following each passage, you will encounter a series of questions that will assess your ability to:

  • Identify and deduce the rules and principles outlined in the passage.
  • Apply these rules and principles to various factual scenarios.
  • Understand how modifications to these rules or principles might affect their application to different factual scenarios.

CLAT Exam: Logical Reasoning

The logical reasoning section will include 300-word paragraphs. This section of the exam will assess candidates' ability to identify arguments and their premises and draw conclusions, critically analyze patterns of reasoning, assess how conclusions may depend on specific premises or evidence, infer what follows from the passage, and apply these inferences to new situations, draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and evaluate argument effectiveness.

CLAT Exam: Quantitative Techniques

The Quantitative Techniques section of the exam will encompass brief presentations of facts, propositions, or numerical data, followed by a series of questions. Your task will be to extract and deduce information from these passages or questions, and subsequently employ mathematical operations.

These questions will entail:

  • Extracting, deducing, and manipulating numerical data as presented in the passages.
  • Applying various mathematical operations at a 10th-grade level, including those about ratios and proportions, elementary algebra, geometry, and statistical estimation.

CLAT 2025: Preparation Strategy

Let's start with some preparation advice from our specialists to get the right solution to "How to Prepare for CLAT."

  • Make a monthly and weekly schedule and have the syllabus ready for your studies.
  • Make certain that all subjects and ideas are covered on time and that they are reviewed at regular intervals.
  • Write mock tests and practice tests regularly, then analyze the results to identify and improve weak areas.
  • Make no assumptions when answering questions in the actual exam, as each incorrect response will cost you 0.25 points.

Forming a preparation plan

#1 Knowing the marking scheme inside out

You must understand the marking structure. You should know which section is your strongest in terms of conceptual clarity so you can score better to pass the exam.

#2 Understanding the exam and building strong conceptual skills

A good conceptual grasp is required for an exam as difficult as CLAT. Brush up on your fundamentals and review key ideas on a regular basis to ensure you have a firm grasp of the concepts tested.

#3 Analyse and practice

Once the principles are clear, it is critical to write the practice exam on the same day to reinforce the notion. It will improve your conceptual knowledge and assist you in identifying your weak points.

Make and design a study plan

Candidates studying for the exam should follow a well-organized study schedule. They must complete a large curriculum, thus they must study at least 6-7 hours every day. It is recommended that you complete the CLAT course at least two months before the test so that you have enough time for review. 

Improve your speed and accuracy

Candidates have to read and attempt around 28-30 sections in 120 minutes. They must have extraordinary reading abilities in order to read all of these passages and answer the underlying questions. The ability to read rapidly and grasp the content will put the applicants ahead of the competition.

Candidates with fast reading speeds will also be able to finish the paper on time. As a result, applicants should create a practice of reading articles, newspapers, and complicated sections, particularly those from legal publications, while studying for the examination.

Solve mock tests and sample papers

It is recommended that aspirants solve as many mock exam papers and sample papers as feasible. Toppers recommends that students do 80-100 practice examinations during their CLAT preparation. 

Sample tests will assist applicants in grasping the paper's difficulty level, exam pattern, question trends, and other key features. Furthermore, these problems will train applicants to complete the exam in the allotted time frame.


To have an in-depth dive into CLAT preparation, check out our CLAT preparation guide.

CLAT 2025: Exam Centres

The exam centers are situated in various cities across India. Candidates can select their exam center when completing the CLAT Application Form. Once assigned, the exam center cannot be altered. Candidates should carefully select their desired exam center and ensure that they can get there easily on the day of the exam.

While filling out the form, you will be able to select 3 Center locations of your preference.

Here is a list of cities where the Exam Centres are located.

Agartala

Chennai

Guwahati

Jodhpur

Muzzafarpur

Shillong

Agra

Chittoor/Tirupathi

Gwalior

Kanpur

Mysore

Shimla

Allahabad

Coimbatore

Haldwani

Kolkata

Nagpur

Siliguri

Amravati (Maharashtra)

Cuttack

Hissar

Kota

Navi Mumbai

Sonepat

Amritsar

Dehradun

Hooghly

Kottayam

New Delhi

Srinagar

Asansol

Durg

Hubli/Dharwad

Kurnool

Patiala

Surat

Aurangabad

Ernakulum

Hyderabad

Kurukshetra

Patna

Thane

Barrackpore

Faridabad

Imphal

Lucknow

Puducherry

Thiruvananthapuram

Bengaluru

Gandhinagar

Indore

Madurai

Pune

Tirunelveli

Bhopal

Gangtok

Jabalpur

Malda

Raipur

Trichy

Bhubaneshwar

Ghaziabad

Jaipur

Mangalore

Rajahmundry

Vadodara

Bilaspur

Gorakhpur

Jalandhar

Meerut

Rajkot

Varanasi

Calicut

Greater Noida/Noida

Jammu

Mohali

Ranchi

Vijayawada

Chandigarh

Gurugram

Jamshedpur

Mumbai

Salem

Visakhapatnam

CLAT 2025: Admit Card

The CLAT 2025 Admit Card will be released by the consortium of NLUs at least 15 days before the exam date, which is expected to be in the final week of November 2024. The admit card once out, can be downloaded from the official website - consortiumofnlus.ac.in

Possessing an admit card is mandatory for appearing in CLAT. The admit card contains information such as the candidate's roll number, the name and address of the exam center, exam times, and instructions.

Steps to download CLAT Admit Card 2025 once it’s out

Step 1: Go to the exam's official website, https://consortiumofnlus.ac.in

Step 2: Select CLAT 2025 and log in by providing your registered mobile number and password.

Step 3: Once logged in, on the top right of the screen, click the Download Admit Card link.

Step 4: Save the admission card PDF file to your device.


Step 5: Print at least two-to-three copies of the admission card on A4 paper for future reference.

Download Free CLAT Preparation PDF

How to check the CLAT 2025 result?

The CLAT 2025 Admit Card will be released by the consortium of NLUs at least 15 days before the exam date, which is expected to be in the final week of November 2024. The admit card once out, can be downloaded from the official website - consortiumofnlus.ac.in

Possessing an admit card is mandatory for appearing in CLAT 2025. The admission card contains information such as the candidate's roll number, the name and address of the exam center, exam times, and instructions.

Steps to download CLAT Admit Card 2025 once it’s out

Step 1: Go to the exam's official website, https://consortiumofnlus.ac.in

Step 2: Select CLAT 2025 and log in by providing your registered mobile number and password.

Step 3: Once logged in, on the top right of the screen, click the Download Admit Card link.

Step 5: Save the admission card PDF file to your device.

Step 6: Print at least two-to-three copies of the admission card on A4 paper for future reference.

CLAT 2025: Reservation Policy

The Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs) offers about 3400 seats for the 5-year LLB program. These seats are distributed based on reservations for several groups, including OBC, SC, ST, PWD, KM (Kashmiri Migrants), Armed Forces, and others.

During the CLAT 2024 seat allocation procedure, the reservation criteria established by each NLU are critical. Each university has its reservation policy, which differs depending on the institution. Candidates should check the individual NLU's website to know their reservations for different castes.

CLAT 2025: Expected Cut-off

The CLAT exam cut-off is the minimum marks and rankings required for admittance to NLUs. After the counseling rounds, each NLU releases the cut-off in the form of opening and closing rankings. The table below shows the basic expected cut-off based on expert analysis of previous years.

Category

Expected Cut-Off Marks (120 Total)

General

85-90

OBC and SC/ST

70-80

It should be noted that the cut-off differs per college and across all student categories.

Download Free CLAT Preparation PDF

CLAT 2025 Result

The Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs) will likely release CLAT results in December 2024 or January 2025. The results will be available on the consortium website. By entering into their registered account, candidates may get the CLAT 2025 result PDF. 

The scorecard includes the total marks received in the exam, the overall rank attained in CLAT 2025, the category, and other information. Candidates will be invited to the counseling procedure based on their scores. Counselling is the final stage of admission to National Law Universities (NLUs).

Key takeaways

Here are some of the important points and key takeaways to know for CLAT 2025.

  • CLAT 2025 will likely be held in the first week of December 2024. 
  • The syllabus consists of five different sections and will have 120 questions instead of 150 this year.
  • Have a well-structured study plan.
  • Concentrate on the fundamentals and fully cover all test subjects.
  • Practise mock tests and previous year's papers to become acquainted with the exam format.
  • Seek mentorship, attend coaching institutions, or seek online courses for more assistance.
  • Stay motivated, keep a good attitude, and have faith in your talents.

Frequently Asked Questions

CLAT or Common Law Admission Test, is a national-level entrance exam for admission to undergraduate (UG) and postgraduate (PG) law courses. It's accepted by 24 National Law Universities (NLUs) and various other colleges/universities across India. The list of Participating Universities for CLAT 2025 will be updated soon.

CLAT 2025 will likely be held in the first week of December 2024, in offline mode.

Candidates who have finished Class 12 in or before the April/May 2025 session can register for CLAT UG, whilst those who have completed LLB graduation can appear for CLAT PG.

No, it will only be held once during the 2024 session. It takes place every year in December.

There is no maximum age requirement to take CLAT.

In case of any discrepancy in the admit card, the candidates must immediately contact the test conducting authority and try to rectify the issue in time. Hence, it is advised for the candidate to download the document as soon as available.

In the month of January 2025.

CLAT preparation typically takes 6 months to a year. This is due to the fact that a number of critical principles must be learned and then put into practice.

Yes, you can apply. However, you will be required to present such documentation at the time of admission, otherwise, you will be disqualified for admission to the course for which you have applied.