CLAT 2025: Exam Pattern

Before jumping into the CLAT syllabus, here's a general overview of the exam pattern:

Test Highlights


Test Conducting Body

The Consortium of National Law Universities

Test Format

MCQ style questions

Total Questions

120 multiple-choice questions carrying 1 mark each

Marking Scheme

+1 mark to be awarded for every correct answer; 0.25 marks will be deducted for an incorrect answer. 4 incorrect answers mean -1 mark.

Test Sections

English Language

Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

Legal Reasoning

Logical Reasoning

Quantitative Techniques

Candidates planning to take the CLAT 2025 exam should familiarize themselves with the curriculum before beginning their preparation. Read on to learn more about the CLAT 2025 curriculum, marking structure, important topics, and more.

*The only NLU that does not recognize CLAT scores is NLU Delhi. NLU Delhi administers the AILET admission exam. AILET information can be found at the conclusion of this article.

CLAT Exam Syllabus

To excel in CLAT, candidates must thoroughly study these five CLAT subjects outlined in the CLAT syllabus.

English Language

In the English Language portion of the CLAT 2025 syllabus, you will be given passages of around 450 words each. These passages will be drawn from contemporary or historically relevant fiction and non-fiction literature and will be of a quality that a 12th-standard pupil might read in roughly 5-7 minutes.

Each paragraph will be followed by a series of questions that will demand you to demonstrate your comprehension and linguistic skills, including your abilities to:

  • Read and grasp the paragraph's core message, as well as any arguments or opinions presented in the passage;
  • Based on the reading, draw deductions and conclusions;
  • Summarise the passage;
  • Compare and contrast the various arguments or perspectives presented in the passage;
  • Recognize the meaning of certain words and phrases in the context of the passage.
Current Affairs Including General Knowledge

In this section, you will be given passages of up to 450 words each. The excerpts will be drawn from news articles, journalistic sources, and other nonfiction works. The questions may incorporate an evaluation of legal material or knowledge addressed in or connected to the passage, but no more legal knowledge beyond the passage is required.

Each paragraph will be followed by a series of questions that will demand you to demonstrate your understanding of current events and general information, such as:




Ancient, Medieval, Modern, and World History


Economics (Outline of Indian Economy, Five Year Plans, National Income of India, Indian Tax Structure)

Science and technology

Environment & Ecology

General Science

National & International Burning topics

Books and Authors



Major Industries in India


Awards and Achievements

  • Contemporary events of relevance from India and the world; 
  • Arts and culture;
  • International affairs;
  • Historical events of enduring significance.
Legal Reasoning

Legal reasoning is one of the most important sections in the CLAT syllabus. This section will assess the candidate's interest in the study of law, research aptitude, and problem-solving abilities. The questions would be based on texts that pertain to events or scenarios involving legal issues. The 450-word passage would contain certain rules and principles that should be identified and accordingly applied to the questions.

Each passage will be followed by a series of questions in which you will be required to:

  • Identify and deduce the passage's rules and principles.
  • Apply these rules and concepts to a variety of factual circumstances; and
  • Understand how modifications to the rules or principles may affect how they are applied in different factual circumstances.
Logical Reasoning

The logical reasoning section's goal is to assess the candidate's critical thinking skills to find patterns and logical relationships, as well as to correct erroneous arguments. The questions are based on a 300-word text.

Each reading will be followed by one or more questions that will need you to:

  • Recognize an argument, taking into account its premises and conclusions.
  • Read the paragraph and identify the arguments presented.
  • Analyse patterns of reasoning critically and examine how conclusions may depend on specific premises or evidence, and how conclusions may be strengthened or weakened as a result of a change in premises or supporting facts.
  • Determine the passage's implications and apply your conclusions to other contexts.
  • Draw comparisons and links, discover contradictions and equivalents, and evaluate the efficiency of arguments.
Quantitative Techniques

The CLAT Quantitative Technique or Maths component of the CLAT syllabus will consist of a sequence of questions followed by a brief collection of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, visual, or diagrammatic representations of numerical information. The questions will be in the form of Data Interpretation, which requires applicants to deduce information from the supplied paragraph and respond accordingly. Out of all the CLAT subjects, quantitative techniques are one of the hardest.

Some of the important topics that students should focus on include: Number Systems, Percentage and Ratio, Algebra, Mensuration, Data Interpretation, Probability, Average, Speed Time and Distance, Ratio and Proportion, and Set Theory.

CLAT: Section-wise Question Distribution

The Consortium of NLUs has issued a notification on the section-wise distribution of questions. The section-wise allocation is given below.

Section Name

No of Questions

Weightage (%)

English Language



Current Affairs, including General Knowledge



Legal Reasoning



Logical Reasoning



Quantitative Techniques






Frequently asked questions

There is no upper age limit for CLAT.

Common Law Admission Test(CLAT) is a national-level entrance exam for admissions into the top law schools in the country. There are 24 participating National Law Universities and various other law colleges in the country accepting this examination.

Begin by reviewing the question papers from the previous year. It will give you an idea about the exam pattern and CLAT syllabus.

There is no fixed cut-off for CLAT, as it changes according to factors such as the level of difficulty and the number of exam takers. For CLAT 2024, the cut-off was around 100, while the cut-off for CLAT 2023 was around 80.

The ideal time required to prepare all the concepts needed to secure a top rank in CLAT depends upon the candidate's preparation level and comfort in comprehension and aptitude. However, an aspirant starting from scratch for this shall ideally devote two (2) years to this exam.

To be eligible for the CLAT , one must have at least 45% overall in Class 12 exams or an equivalent qualification from a recognized board or institution. However, the minimum required percentage for candidates in the SC/ST category is 40%.

CLAT is a pen-and-paper based test, i.e, an offline exam.

Consortium of NLUs conduct CLAT exam. The consortium of NLUs consist of 24 NLUs.

CLAT 2025 will be held on 1st December, 2024.