CLAT Syllabus

CLAT is the exam held for admissions into the top law colleges in India, and the syllabus requires awareness of the law, current affairs, command of English, and logical reasoning. The exam can help the students take up courses like BA LLB, BBA LLB, or various other combinations available. It is paramount for candidates who wish to qualify for CLAT 2022 to know the CLAT syllabus. One must also know which subjects to focus on the most depending on their strengths, prior knowledge of the subjects, and future interests.

CLAT 2023: Exam sections

The CLAT 2023 syllabus is divided into five sections:

  • Current Affairs including General Knowledge 
  • Legal Reasoning 
  • Quantitative Aptitude 
  • Logical Reasoning 
  • English 
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CLAT 2023: Exam Syllabus

More than the theoretical portions in the preparation process, consistent reading and practicing of the five sections in the exam are very important.

Current Affairs including General Knowledge

This section would again consist of passages instead of direct questions that were asked earlier. The passages would again be 450 words each and the same would be derived from news, journals, etc. Questions based on such passages would be asked. Such a question can cover the static portion as well, candidates are therefore advised not to forgo the static portion entirely. Reading newspapers daily, specifically, articles containing any Bill or Judgments or legal information should help in preparing for this section.


Ancient, Medieval, Modern and World History


Economics (Outline of Indian Economy, Five Year Plans, National Income of India, Indian Tax Structure)

Science and technology

Environment & Ecology

General Science

National & International Burning topics

Books and Authors



Major Industries in India


Awards and Achievements

Legal Reasoning

This section will test the candidate's interest in the study of law, research aptitude, and problem-solving ability. Questions would again be based on passages relating to facts or scenarios involving legal matters. The 450 words passage would contain certain rules and principles which should be identified and accordingly applied to the questions. 

Indian Constitution

Indian Penal Code

Indian Contract Act

Family Law

Law of Torts

Legal fundamentals and terms

Legal Maxims

Important Landmarks, Supreme Court Judgements

Quantitative Aptitude

The Quantitative Technique or Maths section will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. The questions will be in the form of Data Interpretation i.e. candidates would be required to infer information from the given passage and answer accordingly.


Areas, Volumes

Commercial Mathematics

Interest, Profit, loss and Discounts, Percentage, Partnership

Modern Mathematics

Permutation & Combination Probability, Clocks & Calendars

Data Interpretation

Graphs, Charts


Number system, H.C.F and L.C.M, Logarithms and, Functions, Fractions, and decimals, Roots and Indices, Simplification, Ratio and proportions, Time and work, Average

Logical Reasoning

The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to test the candidate's ability to identify patterns, logical links, and rectify illogical arguments. The questions would be based on the passage of 300 words.

Statement & Assumptions

Statement & Conclusions

Statement & Arguments

Statement & actions

Assertion – Reason


Number test

Direction and distance test

Coding and Decoding

Blood Relationships




English section will test the candidates' proficiency in English based on comprehension passages. Students will be given passages of about 450 words each and such passages could be fiction/ non-fiction, contemporary/historical, etc. Candidates will be questioned on their understanding of the passage and its central theme, meanings of words used therein, etc. The inference would be critical here, candidates will have to comprehend the main idea discussed in the passage including any counter-arguments used in the passage.


Synonyms, Antonyms, Homonyms, Word definitions, Analogies


Idioms and Phrases, One-word substitution, Sentence improvement & rearrangement, Fill in the blanks with suitable words, Subject-Verb Agreement, Conditionals, Noun, Pronoun, Articles & Conjunction, Adjective, and Determinants

Usage Errors

Grammatical errors- tense, voice, preposition usage, speech errors, Correct Spelling, Spotting errors, Inappropriate use of words


Based on the passage provided, various questions will be asked. It is advisable to go through the questions and then read the passage. Doing this will help them to point out the answers and gather information relating to the questions.

CLAT2023: Section-wise question distribution

The questions in the CLAT paper aren't distributed equally amongst the five sections, and hence, the candidate should allocate their time carefully to every section.


Number of Questions


English Language

28-32 questions

28 - 32

Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

35-39 questions

35 - 39

Legal Reasoning

35-39 questions

35 - 39

Logical Reasoning

28-32 questions

28 - 32

Quantitative Techniques

13-17 questions

13 - 17